Get Free Treatment QuoteGet Free Treatment Quote
Get a call backGet a call back

Liver Cancer Treatment

Best Liver Cancer Hospital in India|HealthcaretripIndia

Liver Cancer Treatment

Package Cost : After evaluation

Send Enquiry

View Photos

Largest organ inside the body, Liver, lies in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, protected by the rib cage.


Besides being largest internal organ, it is also the heaviest organ, weighing on an average 1.6 Kg.


Reddish brown solid organ which is rubber like when touched.





Liver plays a vital role in our survival. It performs several critically important functions such as


  • Metabolism of drugs and toxins

  • Removing waste products of the normal metabolism

  • Formation of various enzymes and proteins such as blood clotting factors

  • Formation of bile that helps in the digestion or fats and removing metabolic waste and toxins through intestine.



Liver cancer, cancer that affects the liver cells.


Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body.


When the liver cells become cancerous it is referred to as liver cancer.




The liver cancer can be


Primary, the one that starts in the liver


Secondary or Metastatic that had started in some other organ, however, spread to the liver eventually.

Such cancer is normally named after the organ where it began such as the cancer that began in colon and then spread to the liver, is referred to as metastatic colon cancer, not liver cancer.


Secondary liver cancers are more common than the primary liver cancer.


Primary liver cancer can again be of several types, the most common of them all is Hepatocellular(HCC) Liver Cancer


It can manifest as a single growth that enlarges with time and in later stages it affects other liver tissues or multiple small nodules that usually happen in patients with chronic liver damage.


Here, we will talk about the most common type of liver cancer, Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) and will talk about it when we will talk of liver cancer.


Although there are further more types of liver cancer which are


  • Intrahepatic Cholangio Carcinoma, Bile Duct Cancer- This type of cancer, constitutes 10 to 20 percent of primary liver cancer. It affects the cells lining the bile ducts within the liver, the tubes that carry bile from the liver to the gall bladder where bile is stored. Interestingly, most of the bile duct cancers or Cholangiocarcinoms initiate in the ducts that are outside the liver.

  • Angiosarcoma or Hemangiosarcoma Rare. This cancer originates in the cells lining the blood vessels of liver. This cancer grows rapidly and by the time it is discovered, it loses the chance to be removed through surgery. Difficult to treat, although chemotherapy and radiotherapy do slow down the pace of the disease.

  • Hepatoblastoma Rare. Occurs in children who are usually younger than 4 yrs. This cancer cells are like fetal liver cells. Surgery and chemotherapy are carried out as treatment options, with a good success rate, provided the cancer is still confined to the tumor.





Signs and symptoms in the early stage of the liver cancer, are often absent in most people.


However, when they do manifest they may be one or more of the following:


  • Anorexia(loss of appetite)

  • Unexplained weight loss

  • Jaundice

  • Fatigue

  • Swelling in the abdomen

  • Pain in the upper abdomen

  • Peculiar white chalky faeces/stool

  • Nausea and vomiting




There are certain things that make a person susceptible to develop a specific medical condition.


These factors are referred to as the risk factors of that particular medical condition.


In case of primary liver cancer, the risk factors are


  • Chronic(long standing) infection with Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Virus. (viral infection of the liver).

  • Progressive and irreversible damage to the liver caused by a medical condition called Cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is characterized by scarring of the liver which makes it almost impossible for the liver to function effectively. It is again caused by chronic alcoholism and chronic viral infection of the liver (Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C)

  • Certain conditions such as Hemochromatosis and Wilson's disease that are caused due to faulty genes passed on to the person from his parents.(Inherited diseases or genetic disorders)

  • Presence of Diabetes

  • Non Alcoholic Fatty liver disease Its a general term used for diseases that are caused due to accumulation of fat in the liver cells, which is not due to intake of alcohol. It is absolutely normal for the liver to have 5 to 10 percent fat, however if it exceeds it, it is termed as fatty liver. Normally seen in obese people. It eventually progresses to cirrhosis.

  • Role of Alfatoxins in causing liver cancer: Exposure to Alfatoxins is associated with increased chances of developing liver cancer. Dietary exposure of alfatoxins is responsible for HCC(Hepatocellular Carcinoma) in millions of people. These are the toxic compunds (poisonous carcinogens) produced by Aspergillus Molds that infest staple crops worldwide. More common is chronic low level exposure of alfatoxin, particularly Alfatoxin B1. However, its acute high level exposure is less common. People who eat alfatoxin contaminated dietary products are more prone to develop liver cancer.

  • Excessive intake of alcohol may increase your risk of developing liver cancer.




Cancer screening can be done for patients who come under high risk category for liver cancer.


For patients who present with signs and symptoms related to the presence of the liver cancer may be advised tests or investigations.


To confirm presence of liver cancer


Medical History and clinical examination will be done.


If it suggests the possibility of the presence of the liver cancer. Further tests would be ordered such as


Blood tests

Tests to check for the presence of Viral Hepatitis B & C

LFT(Liver Function Test) To evaluate the liver function. Usually, the liver cancer patient has an underlying liver disease such as cirrhosis or hepatitis that compromises the liver function. Under such circumstances, going for a liver resection surgery in order to cure the cancer in its early stages, will not be a wise option as removing a large chunk of liver will render the liver non functional leading to liver failure. Furthermore, chemotherapy and targeted therapy will also not serve the purpose. Carrying out this test will give your liver speacialist an idea about the liver function status and the possible treatment modalities that he can chose from.

Blood coagulation profile(Blood clotting tests) Interestingly, liver makes certain proteins that helps the blood clot. Diseased or damaged liver loses the ability to form clotting factors which lead to increased risk of bleeding and to assess this risk the liver specialist orders this test.

Alpha Fetoprotein Blood test: Alpha Fetoprotein(AFP) level can be high in case of any liver disease, liver cancer, in pregnant women or any cancer. A patient with a liver tumor coupled with high level of AFP signals towards presence of liver cancer although it is not a confirmatory test. Patients with early stage liver cancer may have normal AFP levels and patients with high AFP levles may not have liver cancer. However, AFP level may be utilized to see the efficacy of the treatment and watch out for the recurrence of the liver cancer after treatment.

Imaging such as USG, CT (Computed tomography)scan and MRI(Magnetic Resonance Imaging)


Biopsy To remove a tissue sample to see if it is cancer. 


Once liver cancer diagnosis is confirmed, to further check for the extent of damage(staging), tests would be carried out.


Staging helps to define the size, location and spread of cancer.


It not only helps the liver cancer specialist to devise the most suitable treatment plan for the patient but also help determine the prognosis.


Bone scan To see if the cancer has spread to the bone.


Plan your Liver Cancer Treatment in India with HealthcaretripIndia


Get the most affordable high quality medical treatment from best hospitals of India

Scan and send your medical reports at or


Frequently Asked Questions: Liver Cancer and Liver Cancer Treatment in India


Q1 Who is advised surgery as Liver Cancer Treatment?

A 1 Surgery is a viable option for patients with primary liver cancer that is still in its early stage and is confined to liver.


In other words, surgery will not do any good if the cancer has spread beyond the liver.


Also, before going ahead with the surgery in which the cancer affected part of the liver will be removed(liver resection or lobectomy), the oncosurgeon makes sure that after the removal, the remaining liver will function efficiently.


Certain tests are done to check the liver function.


Q2 What is liver resection?


A2 Removal (cutting away) of the cancer affected part and its surrounding healthy tissue of the liver is referred to as Liver resection.


Q3 When is liver resection recommended?


A3 Liver resection(Hemi Hepatectomy;Lobectomy;partial Hepatectomy) is indicated under the following conditions:


  • Liver cancer is organ confined and small.

  • Cancer has not encroached the blood vessels

  • Liver is healthy otherwise​ with good function and even the patient is healthy enough to tolerate the major surgery.

​One amazing quality of liver is that it has incredible regeneration capacity which means it can restore its lost tissue and can therefore ensure normal function eventually.


However, it is not so if the liver is damaged with other disease such as Cirrhosis.


In certain cancers, where the liver is healthy except the presence of small solitary tumor (Fibrolamellar cancer, a rare form of liver cancer) liver resection surgery is an appropriate treatment choice.


Liver cancer can recur even after resection if by any chance the cancer has already spread before surgery and remained undetected, so resection surgery is kept for those tumors that have least chances of spread.


Moreover, for the patints with Cirrhosis, they do not have enough healthy liver to cope up, after removing part of liver.


As a result, liver resection in a patient with cirrhotic liver(damaged liver) will make him vulnerable to develop liver failure.


For such patients, liver transplantation surgery will remain a viable option.

Q4 What is lobectomy?


A4 When one entire lobe is removed from the liver, it is referred to as lobectomy or Hemi Hepatectomy.


Q5 When is liver transplant indicated in a patient with Hepatocellular Cancer(HCC)?


A5 Liver Transplant is a possibility in a patient with HCC(Hepatocellular Liver Cancer) under following conditions:


  • Less than or equal to 3 small tumors, each maximum 3 cm across.

  • Single liver tumor which is maximum 5 cm across

  • Single liver tumor that has no grown for at least 6 months whether with or without treatment; size no more than 5 to 7 cm across


A prerequisite for liver transplant is a compatible liver donor.


The patient needs to be fit enough to have liver transplant as it is a major surgery and a severely damaged cirrhotic liver may render you inoperable or unfit for the surgery.


A detailed evaluation is done both of the patient and the donor to evaluate if the liver transplant surgery will be a viable option for the patient.


If possible,liver transplant is a better option in a liver cancer patient. It diminishes the possibility of the recurrence of new liver cancer and also makes sure that the liver functions normally.


Q6 What are the risks involved in Partial Hepatectomy surgery (Liver resection surgery)?


A6 Liver resection surgery is a mojor surgery and like any other major surgery it is also associated with its own set of risks and side effects.


It is imperative that the credentials of the surgeon are confirmed as it needs highly skilled and experienced GastroIntestinal Liver Oncosurgeon.


Generally, patients with liver cancer also have accompanying liver disease, so while planning for liver resection surgery the surgeon has two goals in mind that he must achieve through the surgery.


  1. To remove the cancerous tissue completely

  2. To leave sufficient liver tissue for optimal liver function, after the surgery

Possible complications may be

  • Bleeding

  • Infection

  • Pneumonia

  • Blood clots

  • Recurrence of liver cancer


Q7 Is the liver resection surgery absolutely contraindictated in a liver cancer patient with cirrhotic liver?


A7 A live cancer patient with a cirrhotic liver is considered an eligible candidate for a liver resction surgery only if


  • Liver is functioning adequately(at least 30%) even after removal of the liver tumor.

  • Presence of only single tumor that has still not encroached the blood vessels.

Q8 How much time does liver resection surgery take?


A8 3 to 5 hours


Q9 How much time it takes for the resected liver to regenerate to its before surgery size?


A9 6 to 8 weeks is the usual time for the resected liver to restore its lost tissue through liver regeneration.


Q10 How much time does it take the patient to recover completely after liver resection surgery?


A10 Usually 5 to 6 weeks. However, it may vary from patient to patient.


Q11 What is the role of TARE as liver cancer treatment?


A11 TARE (Trans Arterial Radio Embolization), a novel radiation treatment that has improved the survival rate of liver cancer patients. It is a minimally invasive procedure that permits the doctor to deliver the radiation directly to the liver, thus ensuring minimal side effects.

Not every patient is a suitable candidate for this procedure.  Although, this procedure may be used in case of both primary(cancer originated in liver) as well as secondary liver cancer (Cancer from some other organ spread to the liver eventually). Patients with predominantly liver disease, however, with a relatively normal Liver function tests, as made sure by running lab investigations, are considered suitable for this procedure.


Q12 How is TARE done?


A12 A catheter or a flexible tube is inserted through an incision, into an artery in the upper part of the thigh, that goes directly into the liver.

​Tiny beads of a radioactive element, referred to as Y-90 or Yttrium 90 are delivered to the liver through this catheter, placed in the artery. Thus, radioactive element targets the cancer cells in the liver with precision and spares the normal liver area. 

Doctor who specializes in Vascular and Interventional Radiology, carries out this procedure.


Q13. Which is the best Liver cancer Treatment hospital in India?


A13 List of Best Liver Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India


Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi


Max Hospital, Saket


Medanta Medicity, Gurugram, Delhi-NCR


HCG Hospital, Bangalore


Cytecare Hospitals, Bangalore


Artemis Hospital, Gurugram, Delhi-NCR

Liver Cancer Treatment in India|HealthcaretripIndia


  • Highly affordable cost

  • No waiting period

  • Best Super Specialty hospitals with state of the art infrastructure equipped with most advanced technology.

  • Hospitals accredited with international organizations such as JCI(Joint commission International) for quality standards.

  • Globally trained, highly experienced surgeons

  • Strict infection control practices are followed

  • Team approach- Holistic approach is taken with multidisciplinary team of specialists contributing their expertise right from the screening,diagnosis,treatment and follow up.

  • Comprehensive Liver transplant program, if liver transplant is required.

  • Prompt addressal of complications, if need be.

  • Great ambience

  • Compassionate staff to look after

  • Language no barrier. English speaking people and if required,translators are available for your convenience.

  • Most economical accommodation available at a walking distance from the hospital. Wide range of options starting from guest house, service apartments to five star hotels, best suited to your budget and choice.



Learn more


Medical Tourism in India FAQs



Dr A.S Soin

MBBS(AIIMS), MS(AIIMS),FRCS(Edin.),FRCS(Glasgow),FRCS(Transplant Surgery), Cambridge, UK

Chairman, Medanta Institute of Liver Transplantation and Regenerative Medicine

Medanta The Medicity, Gurgaon,Delhi-NCR

Top Doctor for Liver Cancer Treatment in India|Medanta Hospital|Gurugram


Dr Subhash Gupta


Chairman, Centre for liver and biliary sciences

Max Super Specialty Hospital, Saket, Delhi

Top Doctor for Liver Cancer Treatment in India|Max Hospital|Delhi



Dr Neerav Goyal

MBBS, DNB (Surgery),DNB (Gastrointestinal Surgery & Liver Transplant)

Head, Apollo Liver Transplant Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery Unit

Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi

Top Doctor for Liver Cancer Treatment in India|Apollo Hospital|Delhi



Dr Giriraj Bora


Fellowship in Liver Transplant(Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi)

Joint Chief, liver Transplant & Senior Consultant, GI and HPB Surgery

Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon, Delhi-NCR

Top Doctor for Liver Cancer Treatment in India|Artemis Hospital|Gurugram



Dr Vivekanandan Shanmugam


Lead Surgeon, Liver Transplantation

SRM Institutes for Medical Science (SIMS Hospitals), Chennai

Top Doctor for Liver Transplantation in India|SIMS Hospital|Chennai



Browse All Hospitals


bdr line

  • Gurgaon,Delhi-NCR

    One of India's largest multi-super specialty institutes founded by Dr Naresh Trehan, the eminent cardiac surgeon.   The institutes expands over an area of 43 acres and has a rese

    View Details

  • Gurgaon,Delhi-NCR

    Artemis Hospitals, established in 2007, is the first hospital in Gurgaon (Delhi NCR) to be accredited by Joint Commission International (JCI) (in 2013) and NABH. Spread across 9 acres, 520 bedded, sta

    View Details

  • Saket, New Delhi

    Max healthcare is a leading group of super specialty hospitals in India with over 8 hospitals in Delhi, 1500 physicians, 3000 support staff and 800 beds.World class infrastructure,services in more tha

    View Details

  • Chennai

    NABH accredited, 1000 bedded multi-specialty quaternary hospital spread over 14 acres.    MIOT International, the best super specialty hospital in Chennai, offers impeccable heal

    View Details

  • Delhi-NCR

    Largest group of hospitals in India along with presence in Dubai, Mauritius and Sri lanka, Fortis Healthcare Limited provides healthcare delivery services with 36 healthcare facilities, arou

    View Details

  • Noida, Delhi-NCR

    NABH accredited, 1200 bedded flagship hospital of the Jaypee Group, is a tertiary care multi specialty hospital with the state of the art infrastructure, over 400 highly skilled globally trained docto

    View Details

  • Bangalore

    NABH accredited Multi Specialty Cancer Hospital in Bangalore, Cytecare Cancer Hospitals is Cytecare's flagship hospital which ensures comprehensive cancer care for its patients.  &

    View Details

  • New Delhi

    The pioneer of integrated healthcare, operates chain of 64 Super specialty hospitals with capacity of over 10,000 beds,over 7000 doctors and over 56 different specialties to cater to patient's nee

    View Details

  • Gurgaon;Bangalore

    Columbia Asia, a multi-national healthcare provider operating chain of 12 multi-disciplinary tertiary care hospitals in India, has set a benchmark in the field of transplantation (Kidney,Intestine,Liv

    View Details

  • Mumbai,India

    JCI accredited tertiary care multi super specialty hospital with latest technology, multi disciplinary capabilities, state of the art infrastructure, world class facilities and outstanding patient car

    View Details

  • Ahmedabad, Gujarat

    300 bedded Multi Speciality Hospital, located at a prime location in the heart of Ahmedabad.   KD Hospital is one of the best super speciality hospital in Ahmedabad, Gujarat with state of the a

    View Details

  • Bangalore

    500 specialists across various domains, 275 oncologists across 23 cancer centres, 2 tertiary care hospitals and 6 infertility centres. HealthCare Global Enterprises Ltd., is a healthcare organiza

    View Details

  • Kozhikode(Calicut), Kerala, India

    NABH accredited 800 bedded multispeciality tertiary care hospital established in 1987, with state of the art infrastructure and equipped with most advanced technology. Since the time of its inception

    View Details

  • Delhi,India

    Asia's largest healthcare group "Apollo Hospital Group" expanded its footprint that comes under the banner of Apollo Spectra hospitals. Multi specialty group of hospitals that follo

    View Details

  • New Delhi, India

    Fully dedicated 150 bedded Super Speciality Tertiary Care Children's hospital exclusively built keeping all the nuances of child healthcare in mind. Rainbow Group, the nation's leading childre

    View Details

  • New Delhi

    325 beds, 100 critical care beds, 34 specialties, 10 Modular OTs. NABH and NABL accredited leading Multi Super Specialty hospital in India.   Venkateshwar Hospitals is a group of Healthcare

    View Details

International Patient Experiences

  • No Pic

    Mrs Elizabeth (Nigeria)

    15 Jun , 2016

    Breast cancer treatment, Age 54 Yrs

    I was diagnosed with breast cancer 6 months ago. HealthcaretripIndia team was very proactive and gave me prompt response. I was impressed by their efficiency. They got me the medical opinion from one of the best cancer hospital in India in the shortest span of time. The opinion that I got was detailed and in depth involving the integrated opinion of a team of specialists. Beginning from my first i

    Read More

Click Here to View All Patient Experiences